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Chloe focuses her practice on advising Native American tribes and tribal entities. She is a dedicated advocate for tribal sovereignty, tribal self-determination and tribal economic development.

Chloe represents Native American tribes and tribal entities in a broad range of governmental and business matters, including commercial transactions, business operations, governmental operations, intergovernmental relations and agreements, civil litigation, employment matters, construction issues, the development of laws, regulations and policy, and more. Chloe has particular interest in tribal economic development, tribal sovereign immunity, civil jurisdiction in Indian country, employment law, tax law, gaming, liquor and cannabis regulation, recognition of tribal court judgments, and issues involving the applicability of federal and state laws in Indian country.

Prior to joining Foster Garvey, Chloe served as the Tribal Attorney for the Snoqualmie Indian Tribe, Associate General Counsel for Port Madison Enterprises (an agency of the Suquamish Tribe) and in private practice with a boutique Indian law firm in the Minneapolis area. Her clients have included a number of tribal gaming operations, hotels, convenience stores and liquor stores, as well as a tribally owned construction company, golf course and event center.

Chloe has also served as an adjunct professor at Seattle University School of Law, where she has taught Federal Indian Law, Indian Gaming Law, and Tribal Law.

Professional Activities

  • Law360, Native American Editorial Advisory Board, 2023-present
  • Minnesota American Indian Bar Association, 2003-present
  • Tribal In-House Counsel Association, Member, 2013-present
  • Washington Department of Revenue, Tribal Tax Advisory Group, Member, 2014-2019
  • Washington State Bar Association, Indian Law Section, Member, 2011-present

News & Insights

Speaking Engagements

Past Appearances


  • Washington, 2011
  • Minnesota, 2004
  • U.S. District Court, Western District of Michigan, 2021
  • U.S. District Court, District of Minnesota, 2005
  • U.S. District Court, Western District of Washington, 2021
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit, 2012
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit, 2022
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit, 2021
  • Puyallup Tribal Court, 2020
  • Snoqualmie Tribal Court, 2018
  • Suquamish Tribal Court, 2010


  • J.D., University of Minnesota Law School (cum laude), 2004
    • Law & Inequality: A Journal of Theory & Practice, Managing Editor
    • Indian Child Welfare Clinic
  • B.A., University of Oregon, Clark Honors College (with honors), 1999


  • Spanish, Proficient
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