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Chloe focuses her practice on advising Native American tribes and tribal entities. She is a dedicated advocate for tribal sovereignty, tribal self-determination and tribal economic development.

Chloe represents Native American tribes and tribal entities in a broad range of governmental and business matters, including commercial transactions, business operations, governmental operations, intergovernmental relations and agreements, civil litigation, employment matters, the development of laws, regulations and policy, and more. Chloe has particular interest in tribal economic development, tribal sovereign immunity, civil jurisdiction in Indian country, employment law, tax law, gaming, liquor and cannabis regulation, recognition of tribal court judgments, and issues involving the applicability of federal and state laws in Indian country.

Chloe also advises non-tribal clients in matters including commercial transactions, employment law, general business law, construction law, liquor and cannabis regulation, civil litigation, other resolution of disputes and more.

Prior to joining Foster Garvey, Chloe served as the Tribal Attorney for the Snoqualmie Indian Tribe, Associate General Counsel for Port Madison Enterprises (an agency of the Suquamish Tribe) and in private practice with a boutique Indian law firm in the Minneapolis area. Her clients have included a number of tribal gaming operations, hotels, convenience stores and liquor stores, as well as a tribally owned construction company, golf course and event center.

Chloe also serves as an adjunct professor at Seattle University School of Law, where she has taught Federal Indian Law, Indian Gaming Law, and Tribal Law.

Professional Activities

  • Tribal In-House Counsel Association, Member, 2013-2020
  • Washington Department of Revenue Tribal Tax Advisory Group, Member, 2014-2019
  • Washington State Bar Association, Indian Law Section, Member, 2011-Present

News & Insights

News & Insights


  • "Commentary on U.S. v. Rickert," Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Tax Opinions, Bridget J. Crawford & Anthony C. Infanti eds., Cambridge University Press 2017
  • "Contracting Recommendations for Tribal Entities," Indian Gaming, Feb. 2016
  • “The Sovereign Immunity of Tribal Officials and Employees after Maxwell v. County of San Diego,” WSBA Indian Law Newsletter, Spring 2013
  • “State Workers’ Compensation Laws: Unenforceable Against Tribal Employers Both On and Off Reservations,” WSBA Indian Law Newsletter, Winter 2011-2012
  • “New NLRB Rule Presents an Unwelcome Choice for Tribal Businesses,” Indian Country Today, Oct. 22, 2011
  • “Exercising and Protecting Tribal Sovereignty in Day-to-Day Business Operations: What the Key Players Need to Know,” 49 Washburn Law Journal 661 (2010)
  • “A Legacy of Public Law 280: Comparing and Contrasting Minnesota’s New Rule for the Recognition of Tribal Court Judgments with the Recent Arizona Rule,” 31 William Mitchell Law Review 479 (2004) (with Kevin Washburn)


  • “Current Tax Issues in Indian Country,” 31st Annual Washington State Bar Association Indian Law Seminar, May 2019.
  • “Contract Training,” a presentation to directors and managers of a tribal government, Nov. 2018, Nov. 2018 and Dec. 2018
  • “Sovereignty and Contracts,” a presentation to managers of a tribal business entity, May 2016 and Nov. 2016
  • “Legal Basics,” a presentation to new managers of a tribal business entity, May 2016
  • “Contract Policy,” a presentation to managers of a tribal business entity, March 2016
  • “Tribal Employment Law,” a presentation to new supervisors of a tribal business entity,
    Feb. 2016.
  • “Tribal Governance,” a presentation to Leadership Kitsap, Oct. 2015
  • “Ethics: Campaign Contributions in State/Federal/Tribal Races,” 27th Annual Washington State Bar Association Indian Law Seminar, June 2015
  • “Tribal Official Immunity in Washington,” 27th Annual Washington State Bar Association Indian Law Seminar, June 2015


  • Washington, 2011
  • Minnesota, 2004
  • U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota, 2005
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit, 2012
  • Court of the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community, 2006
  • Snoqualmie Tribal Court, 2018
  • Suquamish Tribal Court, 2010


  • J.D., University of Minnesota Law School (cum laude), 2004
    • Law & Inequality: A Journal of Theory & Practice, Managing Editor
    • Indian Child Welfare Clinic
  • B.A., University of Oregon, Clark Honors College (with honors), 1999


  • Spanish, Proficient
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