Oregon’s Planning Goal 1, Citizen Involvement, requires citizen involvement “in all phases of the land use planning process.” The Goal requires local governments to provide for public input when land use plans and regulations are adopted and amended. Oregon law also requires, among other things, notice and opportunity to be heard during land use proceedings. Although one of the original land use goals, Goal 1 is rarely used or relied on by LUBA or the courts as a basis to overturn a local government decision; however, efforts to change its scope are constant. Oregon and Washington courts have recently had an opportunity to consider some creative efforts to alter the scope of public participation.
Spokane Entrepreneurial Center v. Spokane Moves to Amend the Constitution, 2016 WL 455957 (Wa.) involved the successful gathering of signatures to put a “Community Bill of Rights,” as an amendment of the Spokane Charter, to send the matter to the voters of the city. Petitioners filed a declaratory judgment challenging the validity of the proposal. The trial court found petitioners had standing to challenge the validity of the proposal and that, on the merits, the proposal exceeded the initiative power. The Washington Court of Appeals made the opposite rulings on these issues and ordered the matter to be put to a vote. The Washington Supreme Court accepted review and posed the questions to be 1) whether petitioners had standing, and 2) whether the initiative was beyond the initiative power.
The Supreme Court of the State of Washington recently decided a case in which the advancing forces of the sharing economy intersect with the real estate world, in Fillmore LLLP the Unit Owners Association of Centre Pointe Condominium, Washington Supreme Court No. 0879-6 (September 3, 2015). In this case, the court analyzed whether a homeowners’ association condominium declaration amendment required a 67% percent vote, or if the higher threshold of 90% percent of affirmative votes was required to pass a resolution restricting the right of a condominium owner to rent the condominium.
Phoenix Development, Inc. v. City of Woodinville, 171 Wn2d 820, 256 P3d 1150 (2011), involved plaintiff developer’s challenge of the denial of its application for rezoning and preliminary plat approval following an on-the-record review of a hearings examiner recommendation of approval after an evidentiary hearing. The Council determined that there was no “demonstrated need” for the project as required by one of the rezoning criteria. Plaintiff brought a challenge under Washington’s Land Use Petition Act (“LUPA”), seeking reversal of the decision and $500,000 in damages. The trial court dismissed the case, finding some of the criteria for rezoning were not met. The Washington Court of Appeals reversed, finding some of those criteria met. Both parties sought review in the Washington Supreme Court.
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